keoladeo bharatpur bird sanctuary

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History of Keoladeo National Park


There is added to Keoladeo National Park than the civic esplanade admitting that's the above affirmation to fame. It was carefully affiliated with the age-old commonwealth of Matsya Desh, which finds acknowledgment in Mahabharata. It was aswell a blooming boondocks during the additional aeon BC (late Mauryan era). Sculpture and shards of ceramics acceptance to that aeon accept been begin at adjacent Noh, on the Agra road.

Unlike the blow of Rajasthan, Keoladeo National Park and its bound are busy by Jats. A apart alliance of Jats, formed in the backward 17th century, began to accomplish its attendance acquainted by systematically advancing the surrounding countryside. By the average of the 18th century, they came to ascendancy a ample breadth west of the Yamuna River amid Delhi and Agra. Around this timework began on the Keoladeo Civic Esplanade acropolis and connected for as abounding as 60 years!

Park history

Keoladeo National Park acropolis was the bastion of the Jat chieftain, Raja Surajmal, who becoming himself a abode in history by bloodthirsty the Taj Mahal and Red Acropolis in the dusk years of Mughal rule. He congenital this acropolis as a point of attrition adjoin the British. Laying annoy to it in 1805, Lord Lake afraid on grimly for four months but had to retreat in the face of the heaviest looses anytime suffered by the British up to that time.

The altar is anchored a brace of kilometers from Keoladeo National Park town. Till the backward 19th aeon it was about like the surrounding countryside-part scrub, allotment backcountry and disposed to be dry. But there was a difference. Year afterwards year, during the monsoons, a slight abasement advance over a ample breadth trapped rainwater and wildfowl homed in on the abrupt bonanza. The maharaja accustomed the abeyant of the place. Rather than delay for a advanced monsoon, he absitively to access the accumulation of baptize by breach some from a adjacent irrigation canal. He aswell complete baby dams and dykes to authority the water, the abstraction getting to about-face the breadth into the best wildfowl hunting bottle in arctic India.

The maharaja's planning paid off. The new ecosystem flourished way above expectation, so abundant so that today it is able to abutment bags of baptize birds for months on end. For several years the maharaja acclaimed his success by throwing absurd cutting parties for British dignitaries and added Indian princes. But decidedly birds connected to assemble on the habitat. In 1956 the hunting bottle became a altar and after a civic park.


The Old Fort

The highpoint of a cruise to Bayana is the old fort, Vijaygarh, perched on a low hill. A analytical admixture of Hindu and Muslim relics, the acropolis has been the arena of abounding actual events. Much of this huge circuitous is in ruins, but the solid angled alien walls and colossal alarm allege volumes of its accomplished glory. Scrubby advance fills the gaps in the edifice, and goats and beasts are the alone approved visitors to the place. Although a lot of of this red sandstone acropolis ability attending like bits from a distance, some portions like a darwaza (door) actuality and an accomplished there are intact. But the surprises are many. Some of the gateways and panels appearance acutely admirable carving. A abandoned butt lies about in the bushes. There’s aswell a colonnade with inscriptions in Pali (an age-old language, of about the 4th-5th aeon BC). In added places are writings in Urdu, the accent of the Muslims. Yet in addition abode is a carved slab assuming the angelic aisle of a person, conceivably of a sadhu (Hindu saint) who anesthetized that way.

The Barah Khambon ki Chhatri

The Barah Khambon ki Chhatri, is, as its name suggests, a pavilion of 12 pillars. It is a red sandstone cairn lying at the foothills amidst close bushes. There’s addition cairn in the surrounding, a bifold storeyed one, with an absorbing annular arrangement central its dome. The abode accomplish for a absolute barbecue spot. In fact, Bayana is abounding of such monuments. There's the Usa Masjid, congenital as an addendum of an earlier abbey which has now been adapted into the temple Usa Mandir. The old abbey was apparently congenital in the 12th aeon by one Baha al-Din Tugral, who was the aboriginal Muslim governor of the region. These were the Ghori Sultans who were in Delhi for sometime, but did not accept a actual cogent niche. The Usa Masjid was again added in about 1320-21 by one Kafur al-Sultani, a after Governor.

Lodi Minar

Another one account seeing is the Lodi Minar, admitting incomplete, congenital in 1519-20 by Nizam Khan, the Governor beneath Ibrahim Shah Lodi. The Lodis were the rulers of Delhi in the 15th and 16th centuries until Babur came and set up the Mughal empire. The architecture of this minaret in Bayana was, unfortunately, adjourned by Babur. The Jijhri is a little anatomy which was congenital to abode Akbar for just one night. It had a appropriate cooling system, as it was allegedly congenital on a pond. The jali (latticed) windows were to let in best air. The Jahangiri Gate stands like a devious structure, battered and aloof. However, there are traces of abstraction in the pillars and some inscriptions in Urdu. The aperture was congenital to acceptable Jahangir, Akbar’s son, who had appear for a appointment to Bayana.


Brij Festival :
The Brij Festival in Keoladeo National Park is held in the month of March, a few days before Holi, the festival of colors. During this festival people or devotes of Lord Krishna gather at one particular place and celebrate with lot of zeal and dedication. The festival is dedicated to Lord Krishna and His beloved Radha.

The main draw of the Brij Festival is the Raslila Dance, illustrating the undying love story of Radha and Krishna. Draped in colorful costumes villagers of Keoladeo National Park perform this dance and remembers Lord Krishna and His companion. The town of Keoladeo National Park gets alive on the eve of Keoladeo National Park Brij festival with the sound of folk songs which fills the air and enthralls people. All the people, men or women, young or old, participate in the Rajasthan Braj Mahotsav and get carried away by the spirited flow. The entire place is painted in brilliant colors and no one is spared from being splashed with colors.

Held in honor of Lord Krishna Brij Festival in Keoladeo National Park is marked by vitality and zest. Villagers, in gay, multicolored attire, can be seen singing and performing the Raslila dance. All of Keoladeo National Park echoes the sound of folk melodies at Keoladeo National Park Brij Festival held on the eve of Holi. Men and women, young and old, rich and poor-all are moved by the spirit of this festival. Energetic revelers spare no one during this festival and delight in splashing color on everyone around.

Keoladeo National Park is situated on the Delhi - Mumbai main railway line and also on National Highway no. 11 (Bikaner - Agra). The nearest airport is in Agra which is about 56 km away from Keoladeo National Park. Keoladeo National Park is well connected to major cities by impressive road network.

During the Brij Festival the devotees gather at the Shri Radha Krishnaji's temple in the morning and take a bath at the ghats (a flight of steps leading to the water) of the Banganga river. It is believed that the holy waters have powers to purify the soul. The people then head for the nearby shrines of Hanuman and Ganga Bihari and also visit the Shiva temple and the Math of Goswamiji.

Keoladeo National Park Brij Festival in Rajasthan is one of the important fairs and festivals of Rajasthan. It is visited by hundreds of tourists. The fair reflects the true traditional culture of Rajasthan. It has the essence of the true spirited nature of the locals. While tour to Rajasthan a visit to Brij festival in Keoladeo National Park is a must itinerary for every travelers.

This festival is held in Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan

The Brij Festival takes place a few days before Holi, the festival of colours. Held in honour of Lord Krishna, this festival is marked by verve and zest. Villagers, in gay, multihued attire, can be seen singing and performing the Raslila dance-the immortal love-story of Radha and Krishna. All of Keoladeo National Park comes alive to the sound of folk melodies on this festival held on the eve of Holi.

Men and women, young and old, rich and poor-all are touched by the spirit of this festival. Boisterous revelers spare no one during this festival and delight in splashing colour on everyone around.

How to Reach?

By Air: The nearest airport is Agra, Agra has daily flights for Delhi and Jaipur.

By Rail: Keoladeo National Park is on the main Delhi - Bombay line with regular connections to Mathura, Sawai Madhopur and Kota on the same route. It is also connected with Agra.

By Road: Keoladeo National Park is well connected by road with Agra, Mathura, Delhi and Jaipur. Regular bus services operate for all major cities.


Hotels at Keoladeo National Park

Hotel Udai Vilas Palace, Keoladeo National Park

Hotel Kadamb Kunj, Keoladeo National Park

Hotel Keoladeo National Park Forest Lodge, Keoladeo National Park

Hotel Laxmi Vilas Palace, Keoladeo National Park
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